О. Р. Антонова
СУБ’ЄКТИ ЗДІЙСНЕННЯ КОНТРОЛЮ ЗА ВИКОНАННЯМ СІМЕЙНОЇ ПОЛІТИКИ ТА ЗАХИСТУ ІНТЕРЕСІВ СІМЕЙ В УКРАЇНІ
У статті розкрите місце органів прокуратури та суду у захисті сім’ї, дитинства, материнства і батьківства. Зокрема, визначена правозахисна діяльність органів прокуратури у розрізі останньої реформи та наведені приклади здійснення правосуддя системою судів: Конституційним Судом України, Верховним Судом України, місцевими судами.
О. R. Antonova
SUBJECTS FOR EXERCISING CONTROL OVER THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FAMILY POLICY AND PROTECTING THE INTERESTS OF FAMILIES IN UKRAINE
The article discloses the place of the prosecutor's office and the court in protecting the family, childhood, motherhood and fatherhood. In particular, the human rights activities of the prosecutor's office are identified in the context of the last reform. Such elimination of the function of the general supervision of the observance and application of laws in relation to the rights of families, children, motherhood and parenthood leads the prosecutor's office to comply not only with European law but also with the Constitution of Ukraine (thus implementing paragraph 9 of the transitional provisions of the Constitution, according to which the prosecutor's office be deprived of the functions of general supervision and investigation).
The administration of justice and the protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens and their family members is ensured by the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, the Supreme Court of Ukraine, and local courts. The main shortcomings in the work of local courts experts determine the long examination of cases and the poor quality of work of judges. Therefore, it has long been advisable for Ukraine to create a new link in the judicial system - family courts, according to the model of most countries of the world. Family courts exist in Australia, the United Kingdom, Israel, Canada, Germany, New Zealand, Singapore, the United States, Japan, and many other countries.
The jurisdiction of such courts includes consideration of all family matters, even sensitive ones, from adoption or deprivation of parental rights to divorce matters with or without further detention. After all, legislation, no matter how progressive it was, could not enact all possible family situations and provide for sanctions for them. An individual approach to such cases can be carried out only by a judge.
Due to inconsistencies in the number of judges in family law cases, many family issues remain outside the court's attention. For example, courts do not take into account the obligation of marital fidelity. Although, in Art. 212 of the French Civil Code states: "The spouse is obligated to mutual loyalty, assistance and support", since the right of alimony after divorce depends on the behavior of each spouse in the family, the share in the joint property of the spouse in case of its distribution, the right to live with the child, etc. However, the current Family Code of Ukraine only contains appeals to the spouses regarding normal behavior in the family, in particular, in Clause 3 of Art. 55 and in clause 1 of Art.54 of the Family Code of Ukraine. But these standards are abstract and more reminiscent of the declaration.
№ 3 2018
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